KMF. History of the Dnepr

Category: English version / About Dnepr motorcycles

"Dnepr" as "Ural" M-61, leading to the origin of the M-72 is a development of the K-650 with overhead valve engine,which stood on the conveyor KMF after the K-750. Later, in connection with the change of the index, K-650 was issued under the symbol MT-8.

Model MT-9 (1971) characterized by the presence of a reverse gear.

Model MT-10 (1974) was the first "Dnepr" with a 12-volt electrical circuit and ignition coil (single coil into two candles). Has also been increased capacity gas tank.

Model MT-10-36 (1976) by increasing the compression ratio and new carburetor has a capacity of 36 h.p.

Was the most perfect model MT-11 (1985), which had a four-stroke engine capacity of 32 liters. p., 4-speed gearbox with reverse gear, drum brakes on all wheels, including wheel carriages, as well as the parking brake. Front suspension - telescopic fork, rear - the pendulum. Maximum speed was 105 km / h, lifting capacity of 260 kg.

There was a four-wheel drive version of the terrain MT-16 (1986) in which the wheels of the carriage.

Currently, the plant produces models Dnepr-11 (KMF-8.155), Dnepr-16 (KMF-8.922 / ASM-156-200), since 1991 is also available without a sidecar motorcycle Dnepr KMF-8.157-02.

Total since 1967 produced more than three million motorcycles.

In 1932, on the territory and in the production plant building housed armored workshops Kiev military district. This team worked many comrades, which is currently working at the Kiev Motorcycle Plant.

 

 

At the beginning of the Great Patriotic War in July 1941, the 8th armored repair base evacuated to the rear of the country, first in Kharkov, and then in Kazan' with all personnel and equipment.

In November 1941, the 8th armored repair facility reformed in the 8th Armoured plant. After the liberation of Kiev from the German fascist invaders, in late 1943, the 8th armored repair plant was evacuated with all personnel and the plant in its territory in Kiev, where he continued to repair military equipment to the front. With the end of the war eliminated the need for massive overhaul, military equipment.

According to the Decree of People's Commissars of the USSR - 2435-635S from 21.09. '45 And the order of the People's Commissar of Medium Machine Building of the USSR for № 362 / 26,09,45 minutes from city, on the basis of the former armored repair plant number 8 was organized by the Kiev Motorcycle Plant.

From the first days of peace team Kiev motorcycle factory started developing technology for the production motorcycle K-1B "Kyivlyanyn." Since 1946, this car comes with engines produced by another company, and since 1947, the plant has developed and began mass production of motorcycles K-1B engine with its own production capacity of 2.2 h.p. Motorcycle with a speed of 50 km / h.

                                                                                                    

Motorcycle K1 "Kyivlyanyn"

 

In late 1946, work began on the construction of a three-wheeled motorcycle K-1B on manual control, for invalids of the Great Patriotic War. Team of designers in conjunction with engineering and technical personnel department number 3 Comrades Mangedem I.J., Mazurkiewicz G.G., Legashovym I.D., created the design, convenient and reliable in operation for people lost in the struggle for freedom and independence of our country's ability to move independently.

Serial production of motorcycles K-1B began in 1947. In the same period, based on the motorcycle, K-1B plant produces a series of small series trucks motorcycles K-1D model, designed to serve the retail chain, mail, and use as a means of interdepartmental transport enterprises. With the increasing capacity of the company increased production standards, quality and quantity of produced motorcycles. Already in 1951 the release of two-wheeled motorcycles was 14.4 thousand units per year, and tricycles K-1B for disabled World War II - 7.1 thousand units.

                                                                              

 

Motorcycle K1V

 

 

Motorcycle K1D

 

In the struggle to raise the culture of production in 1950, organized workshop №6 for central metal cutting, all production departments of the factory free from litter waste, dramatically improved the rhythm of the plant. The organizers of the workshop were procuring Polonsky M.M., Kabaldin A.L., Kozachenko N.A.,and others. Factory team under the leadership of the Party organization systematically increased its production capacity.

If in 1948 the forge working alone swage with the board - 750 kg. then in 1954 in the smithy worked two steam hammer - 1 ton and 2 tonnes, friction hammer 1250 kg, horizontal forging machines 1/2 "and 4", friction presses and other press-forging equipment, or mounted two hot-press force of 1600 tonnes. The training and the creation of collective blacksmith shop have great contribution Conon A.D., Master Shandrenko G.N., smith-puncher Nosenko M.S., and others.

Since 1948, construction began on the foundry, which is to be commissioned in 1953. In subsequent years, the shop area was doubled creation of a number of extensions, it contains all the production sites. Improving foundry went on ways to improve the accuracy of castings and the creation of in-line conveyor lines. Since 1958, the plant completely abandoned in the sand casting mold and moved to casting: shell casting, investment casting, molding and chill.

Factory department chief mechanic with the active participation of designers: Melnichenko Y.F., Fendel S.S., Lehto N.B., and others created a number of original machines for the foundry, in particular, pneumatic machines for casting parts in a metal mold. The shop is mounted a series of in-line and conveyor lines, casting iron casting conveyors, conveyors chill casting, rod portion forming portion. In the development of foundry have technical officers and workers: Sidorenko N.M., Shchukovskaya I.P., Rymar Y.Y., Cieplak A.L., Bobrov G.K., Osochenko K.F. , Mireon P.P., Halavan N.A., and many others.

As a result of hard work of the staff of the plant in 1952, the Kiev City Committee Communist Party of Ukraine, Kyiv City Council of People's Deputies and the Kiev Orvet unions engineering team assigned Kiev moto first factory in Kiev title of "collective enterprises Stakhanov labor."

In 1949, by order of the Minister of the automobile and tractor industry of the USSR was liquidated Gorky motorcycle factory, and from there to Kiev Motorcycle Plant arrived about 100 people, specialists set of technology and missing equipment for production heavy road motorcycle M-72. Since 1950, the plant began preparations for the production of heavy touring bikes M-72.V due to the lack of free space for the installation of process equipment for the new motorcycle M-72, the factory chose the path of transition to the new machine by creating rolling stock engines and sending motorcycles, K-1B, in the amount of the annual plan.Since 1952. production of motorcycles K-1B has been discontinued and motorcycles K-1B in the amount of 6 th. pieces released from a previously created reserve engines and sending. Engine shop №2 and shop №3 wheelchairs released for mounting equipment and production engine and gearbox motorcycle M-72 from the beginning of 1952.

 

 

Motorcycle M-72 had four two-cylinder engine with a displacement of 750 cc, 22 h.p., power at a speed of 85 km / h.

In 1952 the plant produced 500 engines with gearboxes M-72 and the decision plant secure the release of 500 motorcycles M-72 with the vehicle-side obtained with IMZ-Ural. In the development and production of the first batch of engines and boxes variable transmission, especially distinguished Comrades Dmitrikov 0.A., Mantula P.U., Lioerman A.I., Smoker S.G., Tseluyko D.I., Elagin V.P., Nikolaev A.S. During the following years cooperation with IMZ-Ural decreased as the development of assemblies and parts of the vehicle-Kiev Motorcycle Plant.

Under the leadership of K.A. Pozdnjakova and leading designers Comrades Thunder Moznichevskogo D.I., and V.S. Sologub released transitional model motorcycle M-72N with the new linkage fork with hydraulic shock absorbers, with aluminum alloy wheels and brake drums reinforced spokes. At the same time, work was carried out to improve the frame, the introduction of new mud flaps, new seats, upgraded brakes, driveline and altered the main transmission, stoplight. Have been improved motor and carriage.This helped significantly improve the appearance and performance motorcycles, as well as the reliability of the vehicle-side nodes.

 

 

 

Motorcycle M-72N

 

In 1956, the plant produced samples of the new road and sports cars K-750SM and M-53C, which have received well-deserved recognition for in national and international races. At the international races in the German Democratic Republic factory athletes master of sports Comrades A.A. Kolpakov, Boyko D.N., Bratkovsky L.E., their cars have won three gold medals and took first place in the team standings.

 

 

K-750. Produced in 1958-1967, respectively. Manufactured 101126 cars.

 

As a result of hard work of the staff of the plant has developed a new model of motorcycle K-750, which is quite different from the model M-72N and was more comfortable, powerful and reliable, production of motorcycles K-750 was launched in 1958 on the plant. The new car was eliminated significant deficiencies model M-72N: undercarriage was performed with hydraulic shock absorbers, body carriage mounted on rubber springs and hydraulic suspension, which resulted in a significantly improved softness. Engine power was increased to 26 h.p.,and fuel consumption is reduced by 1 liter per 100 kilometers. Interesting was the use of the drive wheel on sidecar K-750. providing all terrain bike that has allowed him to successfully apply for special purposes. In view of the modernized significantly increased comfort and speed of the new bike.

 

Motorcycle K-750m

 

The result of all enterprises in 1964 was a new, more perfect motorcycle K-750 M, which is the engine became more durable as well as stiffness of thermal conditions was reduced by 20-25S by improving the cooling of the cylinder heads and oil in the crankcase. Has improved the design of the mechanism of inclusion of transfers, which in turn increased the longevity of the gearbox.

Lever front fork has been replaced by a telescopic, with a large stroke and double hydraulic shock absorbers. Controls bike also changed: reel carburetor throttle lever and clutch lever cutoffs and front brakes have become more reliable and did not respond to the break in the case of contact with an obstacle on the road while driving. As you know traffic safety largely depends on the reliability of the brakes. Designers have not disregarded this important question: to protect the inner cavity of brake drums by entering the labyrinth seal in the associated components.

Development 650 engine "Dnepr"

Engine Design Office, headed by engineer Ovcharenko N.A., developed in 1960, the first samples of overhead valve engine with a displacement of 650 cm3.

In the process, operating the motorcycle K-750m revealed. that the most short-lived node in the engine, the crankshaft is made of steel and cast iron cylinders, whose service does not exceed 20-25 thousand km. Together with the Department of foundry Kiev Polytechnic Institute in 1963-1966, was worked out the design of the crankshaft, cast shell casting ductile iron. New crankshaft has enhanced engine life up to 1000 hours of work carried out and the test showed that, after 40 thousand. Kilometers motorcycle wear necks crankshaft practically The absence.

Finding ways to increase the service life of designers led to new progressive solutions in motorcycle: crank-brass mechanism was designed for bearings and lubrication system was created,provide high degree, oil purification, as well as have been applied Bimetallic cylinders with aluminum fins and a cast-iron sleeve connected lower-valvular system timing OHV engine replaced.

On the eve of the 50th anniversary of the Great October Socialist Revolution staff of the plant produced the first commercial batch of motorcycles K-650 "Dnepr" overhead valve engine with MT-8 with working V.650 cm, capacity 32 l, p. at 5000 - 5200 rev / min. The maximum speed of the motorcycle with the new engine has increased to 100 km / h.

 

Motorcycle K650

 

 

Considerably advanced the plant in 1959 - 1965 years. Production of motorcycles in the seven years increased from 15.8 thousand. Pieces to 26.3 thousand. Units per year. Due to the growth of production and the introduction of new industrial buildings of the plant is 5 times rewired the main conveyor - in 1946, 1954,., 1959, 1973, 1982 without causing distortion of the output. In 1964 the factory team began organizing the production system of continuous operational and production planning, which was taken at the Novocherkassk Electric Locomotive Plant. Department heads Denisenko V.F, Meerzon P.P, Conon A.D.,Derkach V.A, Potemkin NюS, Sidorenko N.M, collective production and control department under the leadership of AI Trebushnogo took the lead in the development and implementation of the system at the factory. Most of the preparatory work on the routes parts per done GAMES department chief technologist and chief of metallurgist. If in 1962-1963, it operated erratically, after the implementation of this system provided a rhythmic performance of the plant daily schedule. In order to exchange experiences on implementation of the factory system of continuous - operative production planning plant was attended by about 300 delegations of Kiev and other cities of the USSR. Was released book "Continuous production planning", "Authors - factory workers: Budylin M.A.,Trebushnoy A.I.,Alekseev A.V., Wiseman, M.A.For participation and experience  Kiev Motorcycle Plant at ENEA USSR to implement the system operational production planning awarded: Silver medal "Trebushnoy A.I., Bronze medals: Weisman M.A. <Pletnev M.F., Derkach V.A., Borislav A.T.

The acceleration of technological progress and the increase in the scale of production caused a rapid increase in the volume of information required for management of a modern enterprise. Overdue issue of partial transfer of management functions electronic computer in the conditions of the automated system of planning and production management (CAM). For our factory, provided large-scale production and about 3,500 motorcycle parts, the problem was the introduction of MIS very important. In our factory in operational planning of production applied conditionally complete system of continuous operational and production planning, the foundations of which were developed at the Novocherkassk Electric Locomotive Plant. For daily analysis of staffing details of all departments of the enterprise demanded a huge number of time-consuming calculations in a very short time, so it was decided to use the computer to calculate the "Ural-4". Due to the increase in production was tasked with creating automated control system. And the plant switched on the machine ES1020, 1022 (the latest model ES1065 produces 4.5 million. Operations min.). Now we are working on machines ES1022-02 which give up to 90 thousand. Operations per second and are 3-4 generations of machines. Factory ASL1 system solves the problem by 123 - subsystems (personnel, accounting, logistics, marketing, operational expense). We also have a television equipment TAL-2 (Hungary), fax machine №800 (Denmark) transmitting data daily plant, summing machines Iskra-108 electronic keyboard-EKVM machines, data preparation device for tapes ES9002, 9004.

The organizers of the automated system of planning and management at the plant were: Hecht P.S., Budilovokaya E.E., Ivanov V.A., Eromin A.T., and others, comrades.

For achievements in socialist competition in honor of the 50th anniversary of the Great Socialist Revolution staff Kiev Motorcycle Plant was awarded a commemorative reward the CPSU Central Committee, the Presidium of the Supreme Soviet of the USSR, the All.

For the development of the design and implementation of a production motorcycle K-650 "Dnepr" Main Committee ENEA USSR awarded the plant a first degree, nine people were awarded medals of the exhibition, including: Gold Medal - Mukhin P.V..Serebryanoy medal - Ovcharenko N.A., Bronze Medal - Berthold A.A., Kreschenko I.L., A.A. Kolpakov, Kvasha I.L., Meleksetov M.K., Socks V.V., Primachenko G.I.

 

MT-9

 

 

Produced 1971-1976 years. Manufactured 189,463 cars. Motorcycle MT-9 is different from the K650 slightly upgraded chassis, and most importantly - appeared in the transmission reverse gear. That "Dnepr" MT-9 was 3 November 1971 500,000th motorcycle Moto-plant Kiev. This model was produced until 1976.

1974 can be called a milestone: for the joy of the buyers on the model of "Dnepr" MT-10 there was a 12-volt electrical system, which greatly improved the efficiency of devices of external illumination and signaling. And unfortunately, these dramatic innovations and limited: the gas tank and a new form of increased capacity, and dual soft seat cushion can be attributed more to the "cosmetic" than a major upgrade. In 1976 he came out of the factory gates first samples of motorcycle "Dnepr" MT-10-36, received, besides the new name, upgraded carbs, which allowed to raise the engine power to 36 hp.

 

motorcycle Dnepr MT 10-36

 

The following year was offered to buyers motorcycle "Dnepr" MT-12.

 

 

Under the new name hides lover-valvular engine and old transmission, but incredibly reliable MV-750 with a drive wheel stroller set in a more modern chassis. Such a machine, designated MV-750m, delivered to the Soviet Army in 1973. And unfortunately, reliable information on the causes of the emergence of the market model MT-12 is absent: whether the military refused to use these bikes, and I had to use the reserve components, whether the plant was allowed to declassify these products and to put it in the sale. Curiously, for civilian use motorcycle was modernized: it was a gearbox modification of the overhead, which had not only the reverse gear, but also a mechanism for automatic clutch when shifting.

January 26, 1979 rolled off the production of the millionth motorcycle Kiev. Model "Dnepr" MT-10-36 was produced until 1984, when it was replaced version of the MT-11. This car is equipped with engine capacity of less than - 32 h.p. instead of 36. The design of the chassis added a parking brake, other changes were almost imperceptible. Engine, gearbox and some other components are made interchangeable with similar sets of motorcycle "Ural". Two years later, customers were offered all-wheel drive version of the overhead machine, received the "eleventh" engine and the name "Dnepr" MT-16.

 

Dnepr 11

 

Dnepr 16

 

 

In the new Ukraine

 

We have one big motorcycle factory - KMF. Motorcycle and Bicycle Lviv was still, but he could not stand the "market economy" that emerged from the caricatured likeness of a free market in the newly independent Ukraine. Top death KMF contributed not the best of times, when crushed by exorbitant taxes (each time new) helpfully reinvent our people's choices, the plant tried in vain to rise from his knees. For example, which only cost excise tax, introduced in June 1996, and as subsequently recognized the deputies themselves, - erroneous. It was canceled in the summer of 1997 (not available for all products, of course), but the KMF debt exceeds 600,000 UAH., Have appeared as a result of this law, to cancel somehow "forgotten". The rest (about 27) of taxes and can not speak. But still I had to pay for energy, water. And to "client" was accommadating electricity can sometimes disconnected regardless of whether paid for it or not. A machine-all electric ... Not surprisingly, because of all these, to put it mildly, unpleasant plant already in 1997 stood for almost 3 months, despite the fact that the products are in demand KMF not only here, but abroad . It came to that which was not for buying materials and components, not to mention the banal pay wages that thousands of plant workers have not seen more than three months. The output from such a position - to borrow ...

 

Developments in 2008

 

In the year 2008 appeared on the Kiev branch motoforume new motorcycles KMF.Where someone new chief designer Sergei Gusev people presented new developments KMF and gives hope to a bright future and quality parts, but in fact it is just simply Handwaving to the plant did not selected the "golden" earth, which brings huge profits plant management.

 

 

Experimental models of KMF

 

Planned economy is not particularly encouraged replace high-volume models, but we must pay tribute to the staff of the factory, no matter what, on-pure KMF been developing a lot of interesting models and enhancements, many of which are, at best, the world saw only small series.

 

                                                                                                    MT-2

 

 

 

MT-3

 

 

 

MT-5

 

 

 

MT-7

 

 

 

"Dnepr-1"

 

 

 

"Dnepr-2"

 

More photos of the restored motorcycle KMF. History of the Dnepr

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